Two of three polio viruses eradicated in ‘historic’ step -WHO
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Two of three polio viruses eradicated in ‘historic’ step -WHO

By FRONTIERS OF HEALTH AND MEDICINE

Published on :

Polio just got one step closer to becoming the second human disease to be fully wiped out. During the last World Polio Day, the World Health Organization announced that type 3 poliovirus has been eradicated worldwide.

For polio to be fully eradicated, all three wild polio strains — types 1, 2, and 3 — need to stop circulating. The three strains all cause the same horrible symptoms, including paralysis and death, but are virologically distinct.

Type 2 was eradicated back in 2015; the last case of type 3 polio surfaced in northern Nigeria in 2012 and the virus hasn’t been seen since. A poliovirus can be considered eradicated if it hasn’t been detected for three years.

Aster Medical Journal
www.theamj.org